Myopia Treatment

Myopia is not completely curable and it is very common. But the problem can be corrected to a certain extent.

Vision correction is done using eyeglasses, contact lenses, orthokeratology, laser/other surgeries and vision therapy.

A single vision lens is prescribed to provide clear vision at all distances.  However, for patients over about age 40, or children and adults, whose myopia is due to the stress of near vision, a bifocal or progressive addition lens may be prescribed. 

These multi-focal lenses provide different powers of strengths throughout the lens to allow for clear vision in the distance and also clear vision in the nearer distance.

While glasses are still used by a majority of the people. there are people who prefer to use lenses as they might feel that to provide better vision for them. They also provide a wider field of view, but they require regular cleaning and proper maintenance.

Orthokeratology, also known as corneal refractive therapy is a procedure in which a series of contact lenses are fitted to reshape the cornea.  Cornea is the front outer surface of the eye.  The contact lenses are worn daily for limited periods, such as overnight and some in day time, and then removed. People with moderate amounts of nearsightedness may be able to temporarily obtain clear vision for most of their daily activities.

Photorefractive keratectomy (PRK) and Laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) are two types of laser therapies which are done. Google for more information about these two types of laser therapy procedures.

Correction by Intracular lens is an alternative to people who are not very comfortable with Laser treatments. Myopia surgically corrected by implanting small lenses (intraocular lens) in to the eyes. This intraocular lenses look like small contact lenses and they supply the needed optical correction directly inside the eye.

Vision therapy is an option for people whose blurred distance vision is caused by a spasm of the muscles which control eye focusing. Various eye exercises can be used to improve poor eye focusing ability and regain clear distance vision.
Consult your eye doctors and they will let you know which is the right way to correct your problems based on the cause and the extent of the effect of Myopia.

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